Lesson 1: Primitive Art

Your Course:

  • 40 Lessons for only $ 69,50

  • No registration fee

  • Video lessons by 40 AI instructors

  • 24/7 support by Jacky, your AI assistant

  • High-quality texts and thousands of images

  • Study at your own pace

  • The best price for the highest quality

  • Start within a few minutes

What You Will Learn:

  • Explore All Art Movements and Periods

    You will learn about all the leading art movements and periods, such as primitive art, ancient Greek art, the Renaissance, Romanticism, Impressionism, Modernism, and contemporary art. There is also a lot of attention to non-Western art, such as Islamic Art, Hindu Art, Chinese Art, Oceanic Art and African Art, and the globalization of the art world.

  • All Famous Artists and Their Masterpieces

    The course covers important artists like Sultan Muhammad, Fan Kuan, Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, Utagawa Hiroshige, Vincent van Gogh, Ilya Repin, Pablo Picasso, Marc Chagall, Frida Kahlo, Andy Warhol, Keith Haring, Banksy and many more, and discusses their most influential works.

  • Cultural and Historical Context

    Our courses also focus on the study of the cultural, social, political, and economic contexts in which artworks are created.

  • Various Media and Techniques

    You will explore different art forms and techniques, such as painting, sculpture, printmaking, photography, and digital art.

Introduction to this course:


Art from times long past

The proverb says ‘Art is timeless,’ and in reality, this is true, even in primitive art. Although the reasons why people create art may vary considerably. In our modern times, we use art to portray something or to express something. However, even our distant ancestors essentially created art for similar reasons, although they were mainly influenced by magical powers and were inspired by what they perceived as the real power of imagination.

Dordogne grotschildering van een os. De eerste kunstuitingen van de cro-magnonmens.
Image: An image of an ox in a cave in the Ardèche. Such depictions of animals and magical symbols, like those surrounding the ox, are among the earliest forms of art created by Cro-Magnon humans. They date back to approximately 17,000 to 20,000 years ago during the last Ice Age. This is part of more than 200 prehistoric cave drawings discovered in Vallon-Pont-d’Arc in 1994.
Location: This image featuring an ox and magical symbols is located in a cave in Vallon-Pont-d’Arc in the French region of Ardèche. © Ronnie Rokebrand.

They left traces all over the landscape that provide us with a visual insight into the lives they led. Our ancestors created drawings and paintings in caves, wore masks of animals and spirits, and crafted other artworks that served their daily lives. They intended to exert influence on their lives through their artistic expressions.

This bust, dating back to 6500 BCE, with its two fascinating faces, is one of the oldest monumental statues in the history of humanity. It is unclear whether the pair of figures represents two ancestors or deities, but the statue reflects the beliefs that prevailed in the Neolithic village of Ain Ghazal, located in present-day Jordan.
Location: This bust was found during excavations in the Neolithic village of Ain Ghazal, located in present-day Jordan. It is owned by the Department of Antiquities of Jordan, but is on display at the Louvre Museum in Abu Dhabi. ©Ronnie Rokebrand.Image: This bust, dating back to 6500 BCE, with its two fascinating faces, is one of the oldest monumental statues in the history of humanity. It is unclear whether the pair of figures represents two ancestors or deities, but the statue reflects the beliefs that prevailed in the Neolithic village of Ain Ghazal, located in present-day Jordan.
Location: This bust was found during excavations in the Neolithic village of Ain Ghazal, located in present-day Jordan. It is owned by the Department of Antiquities of Jordan, but is on display at the Louvre Museum in Abu Dhabi. ©Ronnie Rokebrand.

In this chapter, you will mainly find information about the art of ancient peoples, dating back to approximately 40,000 to 800 BC. However, the art of peoples who could not read or write, which they created in later periods, also falls under primitive art. You will find more interesting details in the chapters on African art, Oceanic art, and Native American art in North America.

Cave Sites

On the Indonesian island of Sulawesi, formerly known as Celebes, they discovered 40,000-year-old depictions of animals on cave walls. And even older ones. The Cro-Magnon man left behind images of animals, hands, lines, dots, and abstract shapes on the cave walls in the French Dordogne as early as 36,000 years ago. Also the 15,000-year-old cave paintings in Spanish Altamira are well-known worldwide.

Een Cro-Magnonman leert zijn zoon om stenen te bewerken. DE bedengroep staat in het prehistorische museum Le Thot in de Frans Dordogne.
Image
: A life-sized Cro-Magnon man teaches his son how to craft stone tools. In the prehistoric museum Le Thot in the Dordogne, you can see how the prehistoric Cro-Magnon lived.

Location: The prehistoric museum Le Thot (Espace Cro-Magnon) consists of two parts: the indoor museum and the open-air museum. It is located in the village of Le Thot, approximately 8 kilometers south of Montignac in the Bas-Périgord region, in the French department of Dordogne. ©Ronnie Rokebrand.

Other drawn, scratched, incised, and painted images were found in places such as the Sahara, Namibia, Australia, and North America. In the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh, they discovered the cave paintings of Bhimbetka, some of which are approximately 30,000 years old. What’s remarkable about all these images is that we still recognize the depicted animals to this day. They were painted on the rock walls with great naturalism.

De beroemde grotschilderingen in Lascaux in de Dordogne
Image: Two oxen, painted by the Cro-Magnon people, our direct ancestors, in Lascaux in the Dordogne, dating from around 15,000 BCE. Additionally, there are horses and deer depicted on the rock wall. There are numerous theories about the purpose of these wall paintings, but we will likely never have certainty about it. 
Location: This cave painting is found on the walls of “the great hall” in Lascaux. The Lascaux caves I and II are located in the village of Montignac in the Vézère Valley in the French Dordogne.

error: Content is protected !!

This website uses cookies to ensure that you get the best experience on our website.